By Melanie Sison
Robots and artificial intelligence are being deployed across the globe in the fight against the coronavirus pandemic.
Robotics are being used to sanitise hospitals, some of which use ultraviolet to clean, in a bid to minimise health workers’ exposure to the coronavirus.
In China, ground zero of the viral outbreak, robots are being used in hospitals to deliver food and medication and take patients’ temperatures. Drones are deployed to transport supplies, spray disinfectants and do thermal imaging.
Police officers were also recently issued smart helmets with facial recognition technology and an infrared camera that automatically detects body temperature.
“Data can help in managing population movement, and contact and detect and quickly isolate [coronavirus] sources. Big data and information engineers have been playing an important role in this regard.”
Beyond checking body temperature, artificial intelligence is being used to diagnose SARS-CoV-2. Infervision, software that automatically detects symptoms via CT scan images, can make diagnoses quicker and reduce the risk of human error.
“This system helps doctors save valuable time and increase accuracy of judgment,” says a professor at Nankai University’s College of Computer Science, in China, Ming-Ming Cheng.
Robots that use ultraviolet technology to sanitise areas have been deployed in countries across the globe to minimise the exposure of patients and health workers to COVID-19. Image credit: UVD Robots.
In addition to engineering innovations, data science is contributing to the efforts to contain the COVID-19 pandemic.
Johns Hopkins University has a global map showing the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases across the world, based on official reports.
Healthmap, an initiative of organisations such as Harvard Medical School, Boston Children’s Hospital and Northeastern University, takes a similar approach, although it also factors in social media posts when data mining.
Event Horizon features a mathematical model that predicts where the virus may spread based on international flight routes.
“Data can help in managing population movement, and contact and detect and quickly isolate sources. Big data and information engineers have been playing an important role in this regard,” president of the World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO), Gong Ke tells SciDev.Net.
Fears about the spreading coronavirus forced the inaugural World Engineering Day for Sustainable Development event, proposed by the WFEO, to be postponed.
Gong says engineers are working with scientists and doctors to develop more efficient methods for diagnosing the coronavirus, as well as in testing potential treatments.
“Solving the world’s problems is an enormous collaborative undertaking involving both the public and private sectors and extending across disciplines, borders and demographics,” says executive director of engineering advocacy group DiscoverE, based in the United States, Kathy Renzetti.
The internet has made collaboration significantly easier among key players. The sequencing done by Chinese scientists, which was made publicly available just weeks after the outbreak in Wuhan, is being studied by medical researchers and doctors around the globe, in a bid to develop COVID-19 vaccines and treatments.
Breakthrough genome sequencing carried out in Brazil was shared on virological.org, a forum for the analysis and interpretation of virus molecular evolution and epidemiology.